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War History World War II in Papua New Guinea. Australian and Japanese soldier who fought the battle, died and buried in Bomana (Port Moresby), Lae cemetary, Wewak, Relics and Wreckages.

 
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  #11  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:35 PM
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With regards to Archbishop David Hand’s comments, I have this to say. I am pleased to have a Statesmen like David Hand calling for proper recognition of the forgotten people of the Kokoda Trail, and ensuring that any aid programme must benefit all Kokoda people.

I support his call because I would like all the forgotten Orokaivan people between Gona, Buna, Soroputa, and Embara Creek, and the Kokoda people in the Kokoda District, including those Mountain Koiari people in the Wawonga Region of the Upper Kumusi Valley be recognized and any planned aid programmes to also benefit them. Such programmes should not only benefit the Mountain Koiari people of eight villages, but also on the northern side of the Owen Stanley Range and those in the Central Province. Such Programmes MSUT benefit both eh 18,000 Kokoda people and some Orokaivan people between Gona, Buna, Soroputa and Embara Creek.

According to official war records, about 350 native carriers from the Wawonga Region helped the American soldiers from Jaure to Kumusi River Bridge at Ajeka, and from Jaure to Naunga, Gora and Dobuduru after they crossed the Owen Stanley Range from Port Moresby in September-October 1942. War records showed that 48 Orokaivan carriers from Sirorata, Asisi, Papaki, Ambene, Waju and Sengi Villages also helped the Australian soldiers from Sengi Village to Jaure before they crossed the Owen Stanley Range to Port Moresby and in return, helped the American soldiers from Jaure to Ajeka Village. These people must not be forgotten because they are from the undeveloped part of Kokoda District.

I further call on the Australian Government and the Australian people for proper recognition of the forgotten people in the Gulf, Central, Milne Bay, Morobe, Madang, Sepik, Manus, New Ireland, New Britain and Bougainville Provinces because these are some of the places where some fighting’s of World War II took place and where many properties of the people were damaged and destroyed.
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Old 21-07-2004, 04:36 PM
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The military action of the Kokoda Trail Campaign began when 3,000 Japanese soldiers supported by 1300 New Guinea native carriers, 200 Korean labourers and 50 horses landed at Gona and Buna on Thursday afternoon on July 21 1942. At Gona, Anglican missionaries, schoolchildren and the local people witnessed the Japanese shellings of the coastal bushes and villages before escaping. At Buna, 32 members o the Papuan Infantry Battalion, two Angau spotters, Angau Officer, Alan Champion, and village people witnessed the landings before escaping to Soputa and into the bushes. I have already written two papers on eyewitness accounts of the Japanese landings both at Gona and Buna respectively.

The Japanese ransacked and destroyed many of the native people’s properties and food gardens, as well as shooting dead many natives who opposed their intrusion.

About 3,000 Orokaivan natives supported the Japanese and betrayed some Australian and American Soldiers, civil Europeans and Anglican missionaries who were later killed by the Japanese. As a result of supporting a public enemy, the Australian Army hanged more than 40 Orokaivan men at Higaturu Government Station during 1943-1944. Manuscript titled “TAUBADAS’PONDO” is being compiled for publication.
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Old 21-07-2004, 04:38 PM
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I would like to clarify Archbishop David Hand’s assertion of the first military between Papua New Guineans and the Japanese soldiers taking place at Arehe Creek. According to two surviving PIB officers, Lieutenant William Wort and Lieutenant Alan Chalk, there were no encounter between the local soldiers and the Japanese at Arehe Creek on July 22 1942. In fact, there were three warning shots fired by Police constable Christian Arek and his two friends, to warn Major Tom Grahamslaw and Lieutenant Jack McKenna, who were in the bush nearby when they saw the Japanese coming down the Buna Road to Arehe Creek.

According to my research, 35 Papua soldiers and three Australian PIB officers made the first stand o the Kokoda Trail Campaign of World War II against the advancing guard of the South Seas Detachment of the Imperial Japanese Army on Soroputa Hill on the late afternoon of Saturday of July 23 1942.

This was the first baptism of fire, and Papua New Guinea soldiers caused the first Japanese casualties in World War II in Papua New Guinea when they killed about 45 Japanese. There were no Papua New Guinea casualties. Mystery of this first encounter is being documented in a manuscript titled “THE FIRST BAPTISM OF FIRE.”

After the successful conclusion of the Kokoda Trail Battle, the General Officer Commanding the Australian 7th Infantry Division, Major General George Vasey, arrived at Kokoda on November 3 1942 with men from the 2/33rd Battalion and other units of the 16thBrigade after the members of the 2.31st Battalion recaptured Kokoda unopposed from the Japanese on November 2 1942. General Vasey raised the Australian flag at Kokoda during a small ceremony to mark the recapture of Kokoda.
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Old 21-07-2004, 04:39 PM
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On November 6 1942, a small ceremony was held at Kokoda to thank the Papuan carriers for their valuable services rendered to the Australian soldiers during the Kokoda Trail Campaign. During the ceremony, General Vasey presented Long Service Medals to four outstanding Papuan natives for long service rendered and an issue of knives and clothes to each native. Names o these carriers are available with me. It was the first time in World War II that such recognition were given to the natives of Papua New Guinea.

In order to recognise the sacrifices made by Papuan carriers, particularly those in the Wawonga Region, I am now completing a manuscript titled “HANNIBAL HAD ELEPHANTS” which is based on the experiences of an American officer, Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Smith, Commander of 126th Infantry Regiment, and the experiences of American soldiers trekking over the Owen Stanley Range from Kapakapa near Port Moresby to Jaure, Kumusi River, Natunga, Bofu, Dobuduru and Oro Bay.

I am also completing another manuscript titled “PAPUAN NATIVES – OUR BEST FRIENDS” which is based on the experiences of another American officer, Captain Alfred Medendorp, Commander of the Anti-Tank and Cannon Companies of the 2nd Battalion of the 126th Infantry Regiment.
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Old 21-07-2004, 04:40 PM
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As a result of my research, I have completed writing the following research papers:
  • Australian Army’s hanging of Kokoda men.
  • Kokoda Living Memorial
  • The Battle of Isurava
    [&]The Battle of Brigade Hill
  • Massacre of Australian soldiers at Sengi Village
  • Just Who Named the Kokoda Trail?
  • Who Inspired Green Shadows?
  • Kokoda Track – A Bloody Track
  • Fate of former Japanese-conscripted New Guinea Native Carriers
  • Why Too Much Attention on the Kokoda or Kokoda Trail Campaign?
  • Architect of Kokoda Trail – Herbert Kienzle
  • Original Migration of Mountain Koiari (Biage and Chirima) People
  • Original Migration of the Kokoda Orokaiva People
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  #16  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:43 PM
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After the war the greater part of payments under the War Damage Compensation Scheme in New Guinea were made because government stations in New Guinea which had been destroyed during the war, had to be rebuilt before full attention could be given to village affairs. Papua received smaller part of the war damage compensation because most government stations were intact after the war.

First payment of $174,000 under the War Damage Compensation Scheme were made after the civil administration resumed control of the administration of Papua New Guinea in 1946. A total of $27,233,500 was paid under the War Damage Compensation Scheme.

Payments made between 1947 & 1957 are listed below:
  • 1947 - $379,000
  • 1949 - $455,000
  • 1949 - $546,000
  • 1950 - $1,945,000
  • 1951 - $2,178,000
  • 1952 - $2,740,000
  • 1953 - $3,283,500
  • 1954 - $3,734,000
  • 1955 - $3,916,000
  • 1956 - $4,024,000
  • 1957 - $4,033,000
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  #17  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:44 PM
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No Papua New Guinea, be a Koiarian or Orokaivan, has thoroughly researched and documented the experiences of the native aspects of the Kokoda Trail Campaign. But I have, and I have already written 25 papers on various episodes of the Kokoda Trail Campaign.

No Papua New Guinea has recognised the sacrifices and contributions made by the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels and made representations to both the Papua New Guinea and the Australian Governments but I have and I have already recommended Raphael Oimbari, Sergeant Benjamin Moide and the Koiarian carrier Batia Lega Oagi of Efogi Village to the Papua New Guinea Government for Queen’s Honours and Awards. Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II has already awarded OBE to Raphael Oimbari, OBE to Sergeant Benjamin Moide and BEM to Batia Lega Oagi in 1994 and 1999 respectively Her Majesty has also honoured me with MBE in June 1999.

Papua New Guinea has recognized the sacrifices and contributions made by the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels and made representations to both the Papua New Guinea and the Australian Governments.

Besides the efforts made by Australian individuals and organizations to promote and develop the Kokoda Trail, the National Government has established the Kokoda Track Local Level Government Special Purposes Authority under the Local Level Government Administration Act 1997 in June 2003 with the general purpose of assisting the implementation of the functions of the Koiari Rural Local Level Government and the Kokoda Rural Local Level Government.
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Old 21-07-2004, 04:45 PM
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I am both sad and disappointed that the Koiari members Kokoda Track Authority Management Committee are already using the Authority for the interests of the Koiari people and not the Kokoda and the Koiari people. The Authority office is only entertaining the Koiari people requests and enquiries. Biage Koiari have no land in Kokoda Town and around Kokoda, and they must not use the Authority to promote their self-interests on Kokoda soil.

The Australian High Commission must be warned not to continue spoon feeding the Koiari people because they are not the legitimate landowners in Kokoda. The Australian High Commission must talk to the true Kokoda landowners and work with them to promote the Kokoda Trail. I am prepared to recommend the names of the legitimate for their own information and purposes. Benjamin Ijumi is not a true landowner of Kokoda land. He is a man with no culture because he purchased the Hunjara people’s headdress.

The Kokoda Memorial Foundation, and the Authority must NOT use the Kokoda Trail and the history of the Kokoda Trial Campaign not only to promote World War II legacy for the present and future generations, and promote tourism related activities, but also they must carry out research and document the histories of the Kokoda Track, the Kokoda Trail Campaign, the Kekedo family, the Kienzle family, the Komere family, the name Kokoda, and Private Bruce Kingsbury for the benefits of the future generations.
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Old 21-07-2004, 04:46 PM
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Finally, I would like to present the significance of the name Kokoda or Kokoda Trail. There would be no Kokoda or Kokoda Trail today if there were no six K’s. The people need to know why these six K’s stand for, and understand why Kokoda or Kokoda Trail is getting too much attention both in Papua New Guinea and Australia.
  • First K represents the name of one of the first two tribal warriors and chiefs of the Kokoda Orokaiva, KOMBERE, the first generation chief of the Tuna Clan of Saga Village who originally migrated from the Upper Kumusi Valley.
  • Second K represents the name KOKODA which originated in February 1900. Kokoda is made up o two words, KOKO and DA. Kokoda means “skulls” while Da means “place or village.” Therefore, Kokoda means “place of the skulls.”
  • Third K represents the Kienzle family who first settled in the Yodda Valley in 1973 and who made an enormous contribution to the economic development of the Kokoda District, particularly in gold mining, cattle, farming and rubber plantation.
  • Fourth K stands for KOKODA TRAIL – a native bush track connecting many other tracks with the remote villages on the Owen Stanley Range which was used by the natives for thousands of years before the white men first discovered it in 1879. During the war, it was described as “a trail of blood and iron.”
  • Fifth K represents Kingsbury – Private Bruce Kingsbury of 2/14th Battalion who was posthumously awarded the Victoria when he lost his life in the Battle of Isurava on August 27, 1942.
  • Sixth K represents the Kededo family who settled in Kokoda in 1947 and who made much contribution to welfare and educational services in the Kokoda District and the district administration.

Historical accounts on the six K’s have already been written and are available with me.

Maclaren Jude Hiari MBE
Kokoda-Buna Historical Foundation

Editors Note: If you would like to purchase any copies of his papers, please contact him direct:

Postal address is:

PO Box 251,
Popondetta,

or telephone: +675 3297626, +675 fax 3297276.

Maclaren Hiari, MBE,
Popondetta, Northern province
__________________
Gail Thomas
www.pngbd.com
www.kokodatrail.com.au
www.kokodatrail.com.pg
www.quadrahosting.com.au
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Old 13-02-2018, 03:53 PM
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Update: 13th February 2018: Charlie Lynn is no longer a member of the Kokoda Memorial Foundation. The foundation still exists but now has other ex Vietnam Vets in charge of the Foundation.

This foundation erected at both ends of the Kokoda Trail/Track two archways:

1. Built at Owers' Corner
2. Built at Kokoda Station

Kokoda Track Foundation was later founded and now provides scholarships for children not only on the Kokoda corridor but has invested in education all over Papua New Guinea. This is their December newsletter:

KTF E-newsletter: Christmas 2017

Dear friends and supporters,

As we draw close to the festive season, here at KTF we are reflecting on an inspiring year of change, impact and wonderful partnerships. 2017 has been our greatest and busiest year to date and it has only been possible thanks to the generosity, enthusiasm and collaboration of all our wonderful partners, donors, volunteers and supporters...

Teach for Tomorrow

2017 has seen us roll-out one of our biggest projects to date – Teach for Tomorrow – to ten Provinces across Papua New Guinea (PNG). Over the past 15 months, we have trained 2,290 elementary teachers from Oro, Gulf, Milne Bay, Morobe, Manus, New Ireland, Simbu, and Central Provinces and the National Capital District and the Autonomous Region of Bougainville. These teachers, who were previously only-partially trained, were at risk of being exited from the teaching profession. Now, because of Teach for Tomorrow, they are eligible for certification and full Government payroll positions in their remote village schools, where some have been volunteering for up to 20 years. Together, these teachers provide schooling to more than 70,000 elementary-aged children in very remote and rural parts of Papua New Guinea.

We know that education is the key to PNG’s future and investing in the early years is one of the most important contributions a teacher can make. We are so proud of our 2,290 teacher graduates. Each and every one of them has a heart for their people and a genuine love of teaching and empowering the next generation. We are so grateful to all our partners and donors who made this possible – to the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade’s ANCP Program, the Australian High Commission, the PNG Prime Minister’s Office, Flight Centre Foundation, Newcrest Mining Limited, Bougainville Copper Limited, the James Family Foundation, ExxonMobil, Steamships, and Canstruct; and to our extraordinary co-delivery partners at PNG Education Institute, National Department of Education, Provincial Departments of Education, Provincial Governors, and SolarBuddy – and the many volunteer academics, teachers and educators who contributed to the delivery of the teacher training – tenkyu tru!

Kokoda College

This year we have also continued our operations at the Kokoda College, where we have been delivering the FODE program for a cohort of students from Oro and Western Provinces including students from along and around the Kokoda Track and in the Tufi region. Due to new minimum entry requirements for teaching and community health work, we are supporting Grade 8 – 10 school leavers to upgrade their qualifications so that they can gain entry into tertiary studies and train to become teachers and community health workers for remote PNG. The College has also hosted a series of first aid courses, microbusiness workshops, and piloted and delivered the first ever post graduate training course for Community Health Workers that specialises in eye health for remote PNG. This training has now been rolled out to more than 60 CHWs across 7 Provinces in PNG. Tenkyu to our sponsors at Bank South Pacific, SDP, Flight Centre Foundation and L’Occitane Australia for their generosity and our project partners at Brien Holden Vision Institute and PNG Eye Care.

Supporting PNG Schools & Aid Posts

We have continued to support the operations of 46 schools and 7 aid posts along and around the Kokoda Track, with support for teacher and community health worker salaries, a regular supply of learning resources and stationery for schools, and drugs and medical equipment for aid posts and health centres, in order for communities to have reliable access to elementary and primary schooling and primary healthcare. We continue to provide resourcing to the Kokoda Hospital and enable it to continue its operations during periods of limited supplies and high patient numbers.

Village Connect with the Cronulla Sharks

This year we also piloted our new Village Connect project, where we installed household solar lighting and power solutions onto every household in Manari village. Our ambassadors and friends at the Cronulla Sharks, On Track Expeditions, PNG Solar Solutions and SolarBuddy.org enabled us to bring the gift of light to every family in this community; in 2018 we will roll this project out to more communities along and around the Track!

Lighting Up PNG with SolarBuddy

We partnered with our amazing friends at SolarBuddy.org to light up thousands of lives of children and families who were previously living in energy poverty. SolarBuddy has partnered with schools and corporates in Australia who learn about PNG and the 90% of the population who live without access to the electricity grid; they then fundraise for and assemble life-changing solar lights, which we distribute to children in remote PNG. To date, we have delivered over 6,000 solar lights to children, teachers and women living in energy poverty, reducing their reliance on toxic kerosene and dangerous campfires, and improving health and education outcomes in remote areas. Thank you to our partners at SolarBuddy, the English Family Foundation, Funding Network, Web of Hope and Mundango Abroad for helping us light up PNG!

Archer Leaders continue to impress

The Archer Leaders Program continues to go from strength to strength. 2017 is the 7th year of finding and fostering a new generation of leaders for PNG and seven exceptional, passionate and visionary leaders joined us for the yearlong leadership development program. The 2017 cohort are final year students studying Law, Economics, Journalism, Computer Science and Social Work and are committed to a PNG that is prosperous, just, productive and a thriving nation in our world. Thank you to Perpetual, the trustees of the Fred P. Archer trust, and all our amazing mentors, work experience placements, and leaders of business, government and civil society who made this year’s program our best to date.

Archer Alumni reaches London

Our Archer alumni continue to have ripple effect in their communities and beyond and are undertaking some extraordinary projects thanks to L’Occitane Australia. Tess Gizoria’s UniMums is going from strength to strength, where she is providing psycho-social support to young mums and pregnant women in schools and universities across PNG. Seba Siming is well underway with her BeHive mental health initiative – the first ever website dedicated to providing information, support and pathways to young Papua New Guineans dealing with mental health challenges. Eleanor Maineke’s Haisi library construction has been completed and she is now running her adult literacy program in Bougainville. Richard Favave is underway with his social enterprise with women in Kavieng Prison who are making soap and learning vital business, literacy and life skills to prepare them for life after departing prison. Stephannie Kirriwom is a senior lawyer practising at Dentons and continues to serve on KTF’s board of directors. And we are so proud of Johnetta Lili and Tess Gizoria for being awarded the 2017 Queen’s Young Leaders Awards and travelling to the UK in June this year to meet the Queen!

Christmas, New Years and beyond

It will be a big year to top, but we are well underway with our planning and preparations for an even bigger 2018. We will be working with many of our Teach for Tomorrow graduates and schools to provide ongoing support, professional development and mentoring to make sure that the best possible education is delivered to as many children across the country as possible. We will continue to strive for a PNG where every school-aged child is in school and every person has access to the basic right of high-quality and affordable primary healthcare. We will continue to partner with extraordinary people and organisations to light up lives, empower women, deliver basic services, and foster the next generation of leaders for PNG.

If you can help us this Christmas, it’s not too late to purchase a life-changing gift from our store. This Krismas you can donate first aid training, a solar light, teacher training, school resources and village immunisations on behalf of a loved one. Each donation will receive a double-sided beautifully printed Krismas card to pass on to that special someone. Your Krismas donation will give people in PNG a real and lasting Krismas gift. Be quick though - order today to receive your card before Christmas Day.

Tenkyu to my amazing team – KTF’s board of directors, staff, volunteers, ambassadors and patron – you make everything possible and your dedication and determination is second to none. A very special thanks also goes to Airways Hotel Port Moresby for taking care of our accommodation needs throughout the year. A huge thanks also to ALL of our incredible corporate partners as well as every one of YOU who has been so generous this year.

Tenkyu for a magnificent 2017. May your festive seasons be filled with peace, joy and happiness,

Faithfully Yours,

Genevieve.

CEO, KTF

L1 274 Darling Street
Balmain NSW 2041
www.ktf.ngo
info@ktf.ngo
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