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Old 10-03-2002, 11:09 AM
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Agriculture

Although tropical rain forest dominant, there are some variations in vegetation. There are large areas with coastal swamps, savanna grassland in the low lying areas and other types of grassland in the high parts. The New Guinea mainland has mountains which rise to 4000m.

Because of the topography, only about 5 per cent of the total land area is suitable for cultivation. Some 97% of the agriculture land is held under a traditional land tenure system.

Three sectors can be distinguished. The estates which have labour and produce many tree crops for export, small holders who grow cash crops mainly for exports and subsistence farmers who grow staple root crops, fruits and vegetables for their own consumption or for sale on a small scale in their immediate vicinity.

There is considerable overlap between the subsistence sector and the smallholders producing cash crops and there are few people who limit themselves exclusively to one or the other. For instance, commodity price changes will often determine activity. The major export cash crops, coffee, cocoa and copra are grown by all types of producers throughout the country where soil and climate conditions are suitable.

Oil palm, tea, rubber and pyrethrum are other important export crops. Tea is grown almost entirely in the highlands on both estates and smallholdings. Rubber is grown mainly in large holdings in the Southern coastal region, though it is grown in limited quantities elsewhere. Oil palm is grown in West new Britain and Oro Provinces on both largeholdings and smallholdings. Pyrethrum is grown in smallholdings and only in certain areas of the highlands.

The principal crops for domestic consumption are sweet potatoes, banana, taro, yam, sugar cane, maize and ground nuts.

There is considerable scope for increases in production of both export crops and crops for local consumption. Imports of fresh fruits and vegetables could be significantly substituted by domestic production with appropriate government policies.

Processing of agriculture output is very limited with only an estimated 8% going into local processing and manufacture. Most items are simply sorted, graded and packed for export, though there is some local processing of palm oil, coconut oil and coffee.
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  #2  
Old 10-03-2002, 11:13 AM
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Agriculture

Coconut Oil Export:
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Old 10-03-2002, 11:20 AM
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Agriculture

Coffee from the Highlands of Papua New Guinea:
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Old 10-03-2002, 11:25 AM
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Agriculture

Rabaul, East New Britain Province:
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Old 10-03-2002, 11:27 AM
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Agriculture

Cocoa:
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Old 10-03-2002, 11:38 AM
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Agriculture

Cattle - various places such as outskirts of Port Moresby; Kimbe and Morobe Provinces:
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Old 10-03-2002, 11:40 AM
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Cattle - Kimbe, West New Britain Province:
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Old 10-03-2002, 11:41 AM
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Agriculture

New Britain Palm Oil:
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Old 10-03-2002, 11:43 AM
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Agriculture

Copra:
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Old 10-03-2002, 11:46 AM
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Morobe District:
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