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  #11  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:35 PM
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With regards to Archbishop David Hand’s comments, I have this to say. I am pleased to have a Statesmen like David Hand calling for proper recognition of the forgotten people of the Kokoda Trail, and ensuring that any aid programme must benefit all Kokoda people.

I support his call because I would like all the forgotten Orokaivan people between Gona, Buna, Soroputa, and Embara Creek, and the Kokoda people in the Kokoda District, including those Mountain Koiari people in the Wawonga Region of the Upper Kumusi Valley be recognized and any planned aid programmes to also benefit them. Such programmes should not only benefit the Mountain Koiari people of eight villages, but also on the northern side of the Owen Stanley Range and those in the Central Province. Such Programmes MSUT benefit both eh 18,000 Kokoda people and some Orokaivan people between Gona, Buna, Soroputa and Embara Creek.

According to official war records, about 350 native carriers from the Wawonga Region helped the American soldiers from Jaure to Kumusi River Bridge at Ajeka, and from Jaure to Naunga, Gora and Dobuduru after they crossed the Owen Stanley Range from Port Moresby in September-October 1942. War records showed that 48 Orokaivan carriers from Sirorata, Asisi, Papaki, Ambene, Waju and Sengi Villages also helped the Australian soldiers from Sengi Village to Jaure before they crossed the Owen Stanley Range to Port Moresby and in return, helped the American soldiers from Jaure to Ajeka Village. These people must not be forgotten because they are from the undeveloped part of Kokoda District.

I further call on the Australian Government and the Australian people for proper recognition of the forgotten people in the Gulf, Central, Milne Bay, Morobe, Madang, Sepik, Manus, New Ireland, New Britain and Bougainville Provinces because these are some of the places where some fighting’s of World War II took place and where many properties of the people were damaged and destroyed.
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  #12  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:37 PM
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The military action of the Kokoda Trail Campaign began when 3,000 Japanese soldiers supported by 1300 New Guinea native carriers, 200 Korean labourers and 50 horses landed at Gona and Buna on Thursday afternoon on July 21 1942. At Gona, Anglican missionaries, schoolchildren and the local people witnessed the Japanese shellings of the coastal bushes and villages before escaping. At Buna, 32 members o the Papuan Infantry Battalion, two Angau spotters, Angau Officer, Alan Champion, and village people witnessed the landings before escaping to Soputa and into the bushes. I have already written two papers on eyewitness accounts of the Japanese landings both at Gona and Buna respectively.

The Japanese ransacked and destroyed many of the native people’s properties and food gardens, as well as shooting dead many natives who opposed their intrusion.

About 3,000 Orokaivan natives supported the Japanese and betrayed some Australian and American Soldiers, civil Europeans and Anglican missionaries who were later killed by the Japanese. As a result of supporting a public enemy, the Australian Army hanged more than 40 Orokaivan men at Higaturu Government Station during 1943-1944. Manuscript titled “TAUBADAS’PONDO” is being compiled for publication.
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  #13  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:38 PM
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I would like to clarify Archbishop David Hand’s assertion of the first military between Papua New Guineans and the Japanese soldiers taking place at Arehe Creek. According to two surviving PIB officers, Lieutenant William Wort and Lieutenant Alan Chalk, there were no encounter between the local soldiers and the Japanese at Arehe Creek on July 22 1942. In fact, there were three warning shots fired by Police constable Christian Arek and his two friends, to warn Major Tom Grahamslaw and Lieutenant Jack McKenna, who were in the bush nearby when they saw the Japanese coming down the Buna Road to Arehe Creek.

According to my research, 35 Papua soldiers and three Australian PIB officers made the first stand o the Kokoda Trail Campaign of World War II against the advancing guard of the South Seas Detachment of the Imperial Japanese Army on Soroputa Hill on the late afternoon of Saturday of July 23 1942.

This was the first baptism of fire, and Papua New Guinea soldiers caused the first Japanese casualties in World War II in Papua New Guinea when they killed about 45 Japanese. There were no Papua New Guinea casualties. Mystery of this first encounter is being documented in a manuscript titled “THE FIRST BAPTISM OF FIRE.”

After the successful conclusion of the Kokoda Trail Battle, the General Officer Commanding the Australian 7th Infantry Division, Major General George Vasey, arrived at Kokoda on November 3 1942 with men from the 2/33rd Battalion and other units of the 16thBrigade after the members of the 2.31st Battalion recaptured Kokoda unopposed from the Japanese on November 2 1942. General Vasey raised the Australian flag at Kokoda during a small ceremony to mark the recapture of Kokoda.
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  #14  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:39 PM
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On November 6 1942, a small ceremony was held at Kokoda to thank the Papuan carriers for their valuable services rendered to the Australian soldiers during the Kokoda Trail Campaign. During the ceremony, General Vasey presented Long Service Medals to four outstanding Papuan natives for long service rendered and an issue of knives and clothes to each native. Names o these carriers are available with me. It was the first time in World War II that such recognition were given to the natives of Papua New Guinea.

In order to recognise the sacrifices made by Papuan carriers, particularly those in the Wawonga Region, I am now completing a manuscript titled “HANNIBAL HAD ELEPHANTS” which is based on the experiences of an American officer, Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Smith, Commander of 126th Infantry Regiment, and the experiences of American soldiers trekking over the Owen Stanley Range from Kapakapa near Port Moresby to Jaure, Kumusi River, Natunga, Bofu, Dobuduru and Oro Bay.

I am also completing another manuscript titled “PAPUAN NATIVES – OUR BEST FRIENDS” which is based on the experiences of another American officer, Captain Alfred Medendorp, Commander of the Anti-Tank and Cannon Companies of the 2nd Battalion of the 126th Infantry Regiment.
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  #15  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:40 PM
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As a result of my research, I have completed writing the following research papers:
  • Australian Army’s hanging of Kokoda men.
  • Kokoda Living Memorial
  • The Battle of Isurava
    [&]The Battle of Brigade Hill
  • Massacre of Australian soldiers at Sengi Village
  • Just Who Named the Kokoda Trail?
  • Who Inspired Green Shadows?
  • Kokoda Track – A Bloody Track
  • Fate of former Japanese-conscripted New Guinea Native Carriers
  • Why Too Much Attention on the Kokoda or Kokoda Trail Campaign?
  • Architect of Kokoda Trail – Herbert Kienzle
  • Original Migration of Mountain Koiari (Biage and Chirima) People
  • Original Migration of the Kokoda Orokaiva People
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  #16  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:43 PM
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After the war the greater part of payments under the War Damage Compensation Scheme in New Guinea were made because government stations in New Guinea which had been destroyed during the war, had to be rebuilt before full attention could be given to village affairs. Papua received smaller part of the war damage compensation because most government stations were intact after the war.

First payment of $174,000 under the War Damage Compensation Scheme were made after the civil administration resumed control of the administration of Papua New Guinea in 1946. A total of $27,233,500 was paid under the War Damage Compensation Scheme.

Payments made between 1947 & 1957 are listed below:
  • 1947 - $379,000
  • 1949 - $455,000
  • 1949 - $546,000
  • 1950 - $1,945,000
  • 1951 - $2,178,000
  • 1952 - $2,740,000
  • 1953 - $3,283,500
  • 1954 - $3,734,000
  • 1955 - $3,916,000
  • 1956 - $4,024,000
  • 1957 - $4,033,000
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  #17  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:44 PM
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No Papua New Guinea, be a Koiarian or Orokaivan, has thoroughly researched and documented the experiences of the native aspects of the Kokoda Trail Campaign. But I have, and I have already written 25 papers on various episodes of the Kokoda Trail Campaign.

No Papua New Guinea has recognised the sacrifices and contributions made by the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels and made representations to both the Papua New Guinea and the Australian Governments but I have and I have already recommended Raphael Oimbari, Sergeant Benjamin Moide and the Koiarian carrier Batia Lega Oagi of Efogi Village to the Papua New Guinea Government for Queen’s Honours and Awards. Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II has already awarded OBE to Raphael Oimbari, OBE to Sergeant Benjamin Moide and BEM to Batia Lega Oagi in 1994 and 1999 respectively Her Majesty has also honoured me with MBE in June 1999.

Papua New Guinea has recognized the sacrifices and contributions made by the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels and made representations to both the Papua New Guinea and the Australian Governments.

Besides the efforts made by Australian individuals and organizations to promote and develop the Kokoda Trail, the National Government has established the Kokoda Track Local Level Government Special Purposes Authority under the Local Level Government Administration Act 1997 in June 2003 with the general purpose of assisting the implementation of the functions of the Koiari Rural Local Level Government and the Kokoda Rural Local Level Government.
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  #18  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:45 PM
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I am both sad and disappointed that the Koiari members Kokoda Track Authority Management Committee are already using the Authority for the interests of the Koiari people and not the Kokoda and the Koiari people. The Authority office is only entertaining the Koiari people requests and enquiries. Biage Koiari have no land in Kokoda Town and around Kokoda, and they must not use the Authority to promote their self-interests on Kokoda soil.

The Australian High Commission must be warned not to continue spoon feeding the Koiari people because they are not the legitimate landowners in Kokoda. The Australian High Commission must talk to the true Kokoda landowners and work with them to promote the Kokoda Trail. I am prepared to recommend the names of the legitimate for their own information and purposes. Benjamin Ijumi is not a true landowner of Kokoda land. He is a man with no culture because he purchased the Hunjara people’s headdress.

The Kokoda Memorial Foundation, and the Authority must NOT use the Kokoda Trail and the history of the Kokoda Trial Campaign not only to promote World War II legacy for the present and future generations, and promote tourism related activities, but also they must carry out research and document the histories of the Kokoda Track, the Kokoda Trail Campaign, the Kekedo family, the Kienzle family, the Komere family, the name Kokoda, and Private Bruce Kingsbury for the benefits of the future generations.
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  #19  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:46 PM
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Finally, I would like to present the significance of the name Kokoda or Kokoda Trail. There would be no Kokoda or Kokoda Trail today if there were no six K’s. The people need to know why these six K’s stand for, and understand why Kokoda or Kokoda Trail is getting too much attention both in Papua New Guinea and Australia.
  • First K represents the name of one of the first two tribal warriors and chiefs of the Kokoda Orokaiva, KOMBERE, the first generation chief of the Tuna Clan of Saga Village who originally migrated from the Upper Kumusi Valley.
  • Second K represents the name KOKODA which originated in February 1900. Kokoda is made up o two words, KOKO and DA. Kokoda means “skulls” while Da means “place or village.” Therefore, Kokoda means “place of the skulls.”
  • Third K represents the Kienzle family who first settled in the Yodda Valley in 1973 and who made an enormous contribution to the economic development of the Kokoda District, particularly in gold mining, cattle, farming and rubber plantation.
  • Fourth K stands for KOKODA TRAIL – a native bush track connecting many other tracks with the remote villages on the Owen Stanley Range which was used by the natives for thousands of years before the white men first discovered it in 1879. During the war, it was described as “a trail of blood and iron.”
  • Fifth K represents Kingsbury – Private Bruce Kingsbury of 2/14th Battalion who was posthumously awarded the Victoria when he lost his life in the Battle of Isurava on August 27, 1942.
  • Sixth K represents the Kededo family who settled in Kokoda in 1947 and who made much contribution to welfare and educational services in the Kokoda District and the district administration.

Historical accounts on the six K’s have already been written and are available with me.

Maclaren Jude Hiari MBE
Kokoda-Buna Historical Foundation
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  #20  
Old 21-07-2004, 04:47 PM
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Editors Note: If you would like to purchase any copies of his papers, please email me:

gail@pngbd.com
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