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Old 03-06-2007, 02:41 PM
Osnoflivich Osnoflivich is offline
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Ideal PNG Livelihood Concept

COMPACT FARMING International
(TWO-HECTARE SITE)

Evolution in farming methodology should catch-up with the population global trend. As population increases, yet world land areas are quite dormant to meet the demand of agricultural space. The only option in world’s agriculture is to revolutionize systems and methods that shall compensate any food requirements in proportion with the up trend. The most traditional and indigenous way to meet this system is to adapt “Compact Farming” that shall patronize ecological balance of nature.

POULTRY FARM - To Maintain Sustainable Organic Fertilizers of the ProgramI - Broiler Farm
The activities of Broiler Brooding House is confined to the production of chicken meat for table use. This shall be a continuous year cycle job of fattening birds for human consumption. The advantage of table production is the frequent capital turn-over compared to other meat source. However this industry has a modest profit margin that needs an extremely specialized technique in order to increase the feed-meat ratio. Unless considerable numbers are reared, the return is not encouraging. The term broiler denotes an intensively reared chicken capable of converting 2.87 kilograms of foodstuff to 1.62 kilograms of live weight in seven-week time.

A.Brooding
Rearing young chicks are the crucial stage that greatly influence the future of the live stocks. This period shall start from the procurement of selected breed up to the time it shall be marketed. Baby chicks are unable to live on erratic temperature, either to die, grow stunted or develop digestive disorder. Rearing is also dependent on good management, quality of stocks and correct feed stuff nutritional values. Good management requires lots of common sense and nutrition is essential during the first few weeks when feed intakes are relatively small. So only good quality and palatable foods should be given.Artificial brooding refers to a considerable number of chicks per batch with the use of substitute equipment whichprovide conditions similar to that of a broody hens. It is capable to stimulate a surrounding conducive for chicks growing environment and with space temperature between 35 to 37.50 degree centigrade at any time. The best natural guide to space temperature is the state or condition of chicks. If they are huddled around the heat source, the feel cold, whereas if spread away from heat, its too hot. Contented chicks will spread naturally and evenly over the heated space area.

B. Feeding,
Nutrition and Disease Control-Correct feeding is extremely important in good poultry keeping that food amount to approximately two-third of the production cost. However efficient management and good feeding practice can increase potential profit. The poultry operator must have a good working knowledge of feeds nutritional values and should recognize common ingredients in a glance. There is much to be said in procurement feed stuffs of excellent quality. In order to save time and worries, it is envisioned to engage the operational tie-up to reputable firm who can supply quality feeding stuffs, medicines, as well as in-depth technical expertise on poultry farm and market.

C.Basic Poultry Norms and Guides
Minimum target of 4,900 birds at any time, after seven weeks at stock qualities and feed stuff formula capable of converting 2.87 kilograms of feeds; to 1.62 kilograms of live weight in seven weeks.
a. Brooding space for 700 birds per batch;
b. Brooding cycle per week; for seven weeks batch-program and to maintain through;
c. Rate and Feeds consumption;
d. Feeding stuffs requirement per 700-batch cycle;
e. Dung outputs;f. Medicines and Vitamins

D. Housing
Balance bird’s accommodation is the basic needs of poultry industry and required a tremendous capital outlays for modern and long lasting investment. However a 25-year scheme with the utilization of surrounding space and by-product, moderate recovery of financial cost is feasibly attainable.Housing shall be well ventilated with light and temperature suitable for the bird’s growing needs. Dim lighting control cannibalistic tendencies and keep live stocks on subdued state. This environs help a faster growth and product, moderate recovery of financial cost is feasibly attainable.Housing shall be well ventilated with light and temperature suitable for the bird’s growing needs. Dim lighting control cannibalistic tendencies and keep live stocks on subdued state. This environs help a faster growth and improve the conversion of feeds into meat more efficiently. Each stocks is allowed 0.22 square meter of floor space until they are marketed. On this condition, coupled with carefully and scientifically formulated rations enable withease to convert 2.87 kilograms of food into 1.62 kilograms of bird’s live weight.

E. Live Stocking and Rearing
Minimum target of 4,900 birds any time (after seven weeks) at a feed formula of 2.87 kilograms of feeds to 1.62 kilograms of live weight on seven-week period.I. Brooding space per 700-bird batch

Required Space
Proposed Space
No. of Weeks . . . .. . . . Area (SM). . 1 – 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35. . 4 – 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .70
II. Brooding cycle per week for seven weeks and to maintain through
Bldg. No.1st2nd3rd4th5th6th7thTotal Sale
170070027001,40037002,10047002,80057003,50067004,20077004,90087004,900700
Note : Bldg. No. 01 shall be sterilize on the 8th week and the rest shall follow weeklyIII.
Rate of feeds consumption

Wks No.
1st2nd3rd4th5th6th7th8th(kgs.)
4956646373737363
Feed Consumption per bird per 7 weeks0.41( 7 ) = 2.87 kgs.IV. Feeds requirement of 4,900 birdsWeeksDerivation Vol. kgs
10.417000.430123.4120.417000.49124264.6330.417000.56265425.7240.417000.63426606.8150.417000.63607787.8160.417000.63788968.8170.417000.639691149.8Note: To maintain 1,211 kgs. of feeds per week after 7 weeks
V. Dung OutputsWeeksDerivationVol. kgs
11240.4353.3222650.49129.934260.56238.646070.63382.457880.63496.469690.63610.5711500.63724.50Note: To maintain weekly output after 7 weeks
VI. Medicines and Vitamins ---- To varies per seasonsORGANIC GARDEN – Propagation of Selected Plant
Varieties that can maintain reasonable supplies during the off-crop season
a.Fancy vegetables that can be grown on designed surroundings; e.g. cabbages, broccoli, asparagus, and etc;
b.Common indigenous vegetables that can maintain a good profitable recoveries;
c.Semi-permanent fruit trees; e.g. papayas, guavas, citrus and etc.
d.Vanillas - as century plants with high market (export) value as the main product of this program;
e.Bee colonies - to maintain good honey & propolis recoveries and utilize in the pollination of vanilla duringthe flowering stage
Note : Items (a.) & (b.) shall be program-planted on weekly harvest-cycle in order sustain a good weekly recoveries.

Proposed Weekly Program-Cycle Statistics
a.Fancy VegetablesVegetables . . . . . . . . Weekly Program (SM) .. . . . Weekly Yield (Kgs.)Cabbage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150Broccoli/Cauliflower . . . . . . . . . . 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 150Pachoi
b.Indigenous VegetablesEggplant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400(To add more varieties)
c.Common & Century Fruits
Common Fruits . . . . Weekly Program (SM) . . . . . Weekly Yield (Kgs.)Papaya . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 600. . . . . .. . . . . 100Citrus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1000 . . . . .. . . . . .100Guava . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . .. . 2000 . . . . . . . .... . . . .. ..600

d. Vanilla - Target of 5,000 vines after five years and projected yield of one ton per year; after ten years, however can increase the quantities if additional cuttings can be procure abroad and does hit an earlier projection.
e.Beehive & Colonies
Statistic – A box colony composed of 10 – 6” x 12” frames and 10 boxColonies can yield 100 liters of honey per quarter @ averagevalue of four USD per liter plus a recovery of propolis.

TECHNICAL FEASIBILITY
A. Poultry FarmQuery that shall be discussed as Contract Grower on this following items ; howdoes it apply to the project?1. 700 day-old chicks per week for the succeeding weekly requirements2. Feeds, Medicines and Consultations for the operation
Break-even Cost per bird: (weight)a. Day-old chick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18.000.250b. Feed Cost (2.87 x 16.30). . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . 46.780.650c. Medical Allocation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.790.010d. Wages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . 2.100.027e. Utilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 1.280.017f. Loan Payment. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.340.046.. . . . . . Projected break-even cost . . . . . . . . 72.291.000
B. Garden VarietiesAll vegetables shall be program for weekly harvest to maintain an all-year round supply and some varieties shall be provided with solar breaker or environment control and good irrigation system to suit a normal rearing growth. Organic fertilizers should be exclusively use to conserve ecological balance. Pesticide should be refrain from this project.
C. Bee Colony & HiveTen bee colonies shall be deploy around the garden perimeter to provide good pollination to flower varieties and flowering vegetables and fruits. This shall also help the project to discourage unwanted intruders that might bringsome pest on plants and poultry.
D. Vanilla VineyardThe first two years is non-yielding stage for Vanilla Project but instead on the process of propagation. The present stocks are capable of supplying 2000 cuttings within two-year period and the initial production shall be at the end of five years program.

FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY
Projected Income Statement (Weight)
I – Poultry FarmSalesFirst YearBroiler0.999Dung0.020
Projected Sales 1.019
Less: Feedstuffs0.667
Chicks0.257
Medicines0.011
Wages0.028
Utilities0.014
Loan Payment0.023
Projected Expenses 1.000
Projected Income from Operation 0.019
Second Year
Broiler52700811.155
Dung7947510.023
Projected Sales 1.178
Less: Operational Expenses 1.000
Projected Income from Operation 0.178
II – Vegetables & Fruits
Sales (1st year; after 150 days from initiation)
Fancy Vegetables4503112 0.940
Indigenous Vegetables 400318 0.560
Projected Sales 1.500
Less: Seedling Costs0.030
Organic Fertilizers0.020
Wages0.410
Utilities0.200
Establishment & Equipment Costs 0.340
Projected Expenses 1.000
Projected Income from Operation 0.500
Note : The main target of this program is propagation of Vanilla Fruits whereby after five years, 2,000 full fruit bearing vines can be attained. Projected average yield of five vines are about three kilograms of fresh fruits per yearand the average market price is USD30 per kilogram. Therefore 2,000 vines could yield USD36,000per annum.n.b.To be edited per local prices and situations.
.
Note: Should anyone is interested but the printing is not clear ... email to: project_moh@yahoo.com

Last edited by Osnoflivich; 03-06-2007 at 03:09 PM.
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