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Old 28-09-2002, 11:20 PM
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Threats to Food Security - 1997 El-Nino Driven Drought

The main threats to food security in PNG are:
  • High population growth rates
  • Land degradation
  • Extreme climatic conditions and
  • Low cash incomes

At present growth rate, PNG's population will double in 30 years. This obviously means that food supply must also double in that time.

While the nation is blessed with much land, population pressure has led to the irresponsible use of available arable land. Repeated use can result in reduction of soil fertility which in turn can reduce food production.

The climate, most importantly high rainfall and to a lesser extent periodic drought and frost, continue to influence food production.

Cash incomes, which in many places remain very low and are getting lower, give people less chances of purchasing food when they need to.

The 1997 El-Nino driven drought devastated subsistence gardens in parts of the highlands :
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